Minerals and provenance

In Elba there are certainly some of the most famous species of minerals that are today very difficult to find, at least for the average searcher.

Among the rarest minerals found on Elba we recall the Topaz of Mount Capanne, the crystals of native Copper of Calamita Cape, the famous Castor and Pollux of Mount Capanne and the red crystals of Cuprite found in Cape Calamita.

Among the most abundant, characteristic and easy to find minerals we cite the crystals of Pyrite, Hematite and Ilvaite of Rio Marina, the Fluorite of Valle Giove, the Orthoclase, the Black, Quartz the Beryl, Tourmaline, the Cassiterite in the area of ​​San Piero in Campo and Sant'Ilario, the Garnets of Calamita and Pomonte, the Epidote of Campo ai Peri, the crystals of Malachite found in the area of Fornacelle, the Magnetite, the Chrysocolla and Siderite of Calamita.

In the west side of Elba, on Mount Capanne, there were no diggings to extract iron as on the eastern side, in fact the most important excavation relate to granite already since the Roman and the Pisan ages. Back then the precious caves of Elba's granite were employed to build important monuments of the roman empire and of the pisan domination such as the Colosseum, the Pantheon and the Cathedral of Pisa.

From over 150 years researchers and collectors from all over the world have shown their interest around the Mount Capanne, containing in its inside beautiful tourmaline and beryl collectible crystals as well as many other more rare minerals that are well indicated for accessories.

The Elba Micaceous Hematite, characterized by crystal in rosettes, is one of the island's most famous minerals that has to be found in any mineral museum worthy of the name, as well as the beautiful crystals of hematite and pyrite of Rio, the ilvaite and magnetite of Calamita, the polychrome tourmaline and beryl of San Piero and Sant'Ilario and other 150 mineral species identified in the island. These are located in some of the most prestigious natural history museums in the world, studied and described in dozens scientific studies and desired by thousands private collectors.

For those who are curious and passionate about minerals, the Museums dedicated to the minerals of Elba have important collections of precious gems found in Elba. The museums are located in San Piero, Rio Marina, Rio nell'Elba and Capoliveri.
Niels Stensen (Danish naturalist, geologist, anatomist and catholic Bishop), considered the father of geology, thanks to his studies and researches in the seventeenth century, discovered the laws of modern crystallography studying hematite and quartz from Elba.

MUM Luigi Celleri Mineral Museum

MUM Luigi Celleri Mineral Museum

MUM - Luigi Celleri Mineral and Gemmological Museum

Chemical formula of  minerals

Chemical formula of minerals

Technical details of  the minerals of  Elba Island, with their chemical formula and the indication of  finding site in Elba Island.

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